1991 - 斯坦斯特德, 英国

伦敦斯坦斯特德机场

Stansted Airport challenged all the rules of airport terminal design. It went back to the roots of modern air travel and literally stood conventional wisdom on its head. The earliest airport buildings were very simple: on one side there was a road and on the other a field where aircraft landed into the wind. The route from landside to airside involved a walk from your car through the terminal and out to your plane, which was always in view. Stansted attempted to recapture the clarity of those early airfields, together with some of the lost romance of air travel.

From the traveller's point of view, movement through the building is straightforward and direct - there are none of the level changes and orientation problems that characterise most airports. Passengers progress in a fluid movement from the set-down point through to the check-in area, passport control and departure lounges, where they can see the planes. From there, an automated tracked transit system takes them to satellite buildings to board their aircraft. This degree of clarity was achieved by turning the building 'upside down', banishing the heavy environmental services usually found at roof level to an undercroft that runs beneath the concourse. The undercroft also contains baggage handling and was able to accommodate a mainline railway station, which was integrated into the building late in the design process.

Service distribution systems are contained within the 'trunks' of the structural 'trees' that rise from the undercroft through the concourse floor. These trees support a roof canopy that is freed simply to keep out the rain and let in light. Entirely daylit on all but the most overcast of days, the constantly changing play of light gives the concourse a poetic dimension and also has significant energy and economic advantages, leading to running costs that are half those of any other British terminal. Energy efficient, environmentally discreet within its rural setting, technologically advanced yet simple to use and experience, Stansted has become a model for airport planners and designers worldwide.

伦敦斯坦斯特德机场

斯坦斯特德 英国

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  • 预约 1981
  • 结束日期 1991
  • 地区 85,700m²
  • 容量 23 million passengers per year
  • 客户 BAA plc
  • 合作建筑师 Stansted Airport Ltd
  • 结构工程师 Arup
  • 工料测量师 Currie & Brown
  • 机电工程师 BAA
  • 景观设计师 Adrian Lisney
  • 照明工程师 Claude Engle
  • Finalist - BBC Design Awards
  • Benedictus Award, USA (for the innovative use of laminated glass)
  • 'Financial Times' Architecture Award - Commendation
  • English Tourist Board Car Park Special Award, Rural Category
  • Brunel Award Madrid, Commendation
  • 'Design Review' Minerva Award Commendation
  • Concrete Society Award
  • RIBA Regional Architecture Award 1992
  • Royal Institiute of Chartered Surveyors Award Energy Efficiency Award
  • Structural Steel Award
  • 'AJ'/Hilight Lighting Award Commendation 1992
  • Civic Trust Award
  • RIBA Architecture Award
  • Colourcoat Building Award; First Prize - Car Park and Canopies at
  • British Construction Industry Supreme Award
  • Royal Town Planning Institute Silver Jubilee Planning Award for Achievement
  • Business and Industry Panel for the Environment Award
  • National Childcare Facilities Award
  • British Gas Energy Management Award
  • British Association of Landscape Industries for landscaping