1991 - Stansted , UK

Stansted Airport

When you dive through the clouds in your charter jet and spot this silver machine, you will have no doubt that air travel has, for the first time in years, been rewarded with its own special breed of architecture.
The Independent

Stansted Airport challenged all the rules of airport terminal design. It went back to the roots of modern air travel and literally stood conventional wisdom on its head. The earliest airport buildings were very simple: on one side there was a road and on the other a field where aircraft landed into the wind. The route from landside to airside involved a walk from your car through the terminal and out to your plane, which was always in view. Stansted attempted to recapture the clarity of those early airfields, together with some of the lost romance of air travel.

From the traveller's point of view, movement through the building is straightforward and direct - there are none of the level changes and orientation problems that characterise most airports. Passengers progress in a fluid movement from the set-down point through to the check-in area, passport control and departure lounges, where they can see the planes. From there, an automated tracked transit system takes them to satellite buildings to board their aircraft. This degree of clarity was achieved by turning the building 'upside down', banishing the heavy environmental services usually found at roof level to an undercroft that runs beneath the concourse. The undercroft also contains baggage handling and was able to accommodate a mainline railway station, which was integrated into the building late in the design process.

Service distribution systems are contained within the 'trunks' of the structural 'trees' that rise from the undercroft through the concourse floor. These trees support a roof canopy that is freed simply to keep out the rain and let in light. Entirely daylit on all but the most overcast of days, the constantly changing play of light gives the concourse a poetic dimension and also has significant energy and economic advantages, leading to running costs that are half those of any other British terminal. Energy efficient, environmentally discreet within its rural setting, technologically advanced yet simple to use and experience, Stansted has become a model for airport planners and designers worldwide.

Stansted Airport

Stansted UK

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  • Appointment 1981
  • Completion 1991
  • Area 85,700m²
  • Capacity 23 million passengers per year
  • Client BAA plc
  • Collaborating Architect Stansted Airport Ltd
  • Structural Engineer Arup
  • Quantity Surveyor Currie & Brown
  • Environmental Engineer BAA
  • Landscape Architect Adrian Lisney
  • Lighting Engineer Claude Engle
  • 1994 – Finalist - BBC Design Awards
  • 1991 – British Association of Landscape Industries for landscaping
  • 1991 – British Gas Energy Management Award
  • 1991 – National Childcare Facilities Award
  • 1991 – Business and Industry Panel for the Environment Award
  • 1991 – Royal Town Planning Institute Silver Jubilee Planning Award for Achievement
  • 1991 – British Construction Industry Supreme Award
  • 1991 – Colourcoat Building Award; First Prize - Car Park and Canopies
  • 1991 – Aluminium Imagination Architectural Award
  • 1991 – Mies van der Rohe Pavilion Award for European Architecture 1990
  • 1993 – 'Financial Times' Architecture Award - Commendation
  • 1993 – Benedictus Award, USA (for the innovative use of laminated glass)
  • 1992 – RIBA Architecture Award
  • 1992 – Civic Trust Award
  • 1992 – 'AJ'/Hilight Lighting Award Commendation
  • 1992 – Structural Steel Award
  • 1992 – Royal Institiute of Chartered Surveyors Award Energy Efficiency Award
  • 1992 – RIBA Regional Architecture Award
  • 1992 – Concrete Society Award
  • 1992 – 'Design Review' Minerva Award Commendation
  • 1992 – Brunel Award Madrid, Commendation
  • 1992 – English Tourist Board Car Park Special Award, Rural Category
  • The high pavilion roof seems so lightweight the wind might lift it up, like a giant tent, and the glass walls let in so much natural light that, even on a grey day, there is little need for electricity.
    The Guardian
  • Stansted Airport

  • There is a brand of logic within the Foster office ideally suited to the design of airports; identify the main human problem, invent a system to cope with it and pursue the result with ruthless rationality.
    The Architectural Review