2004 - Woking, Reino Unido

McLaren Technology Centre

El Grupo McLaren está integrado por diversas empresas de alta tecnología dedicadas al diseño y desarrollo de coches de Fórmula Uno, vehículos de carretera de alto rendimiento, sistemas electrónicos y materiales compuestos. Desde que McLaren empezó a competir en la Fórmula Uno en 1966, se ha forjado una reputación internacional como uno de los equipos de mayor éxito en la historia de este deporte. El Centro de Tecnología alberga la sede del grupo y está concebido para reflejar la experiencia de la empresa en los campos del diseño y la ingeniería. Engloba estudios de diseño, laboratorios e instalaciones para pruebas y producción tanto de vehículos de Fórmula Uno como de deportivos de alto rendimiento. Visto en planta, el edificio dibuja una forma semicircular. El círculo lo completa un lago, que forma parte del sistema de refrigeración de las instalaciones. La cubierta en voladizo proporciona sombra a la fachada que da al lago, compuesta por una pared continua y curva de vidrio y desarrollada, en parte, aplicando la experiencia tecnológica propia de McLaren. En el interior, la circulación del edificio se organiza alrededor de «calles» lineales de doble altura que articulan unas «franjas» de espacios flexibles. Estos albergan las zonas de producción y almacenamiento de piezas en los niveles inferiores, y los estudios de diseño, las oficinas y las salas de reuniones en los superiores disfrutando de iluminación cenital natural. Justo detrás de la fachada se abre un amplio «bulevar» que conduce a las zonas de recepción y al restaurante del personal, ambos con vistas al lago. Entre otras instalaciones sociales, destacan una piscina y un gimnasio. El nuevo Centro de Producción, situado justo al sudoeste del Centro de Tecnología, ha permitido a McLaren Automotive aumentar su capacidad de producción y presentar una nueva gama de vehículos de carretera, cuyo primer resultado ha sido el MP4-12C, con 600 caballos de potencia. Pese a disponer de 32.000 m2 de superficie disponible repartidos en dos plantas, el edificio se integra con discreción en el paisaje, en un intento por minimizar su presencia física. Conecta con el Centro de Tecnología a través de un pasillo subterráneo flanqueado por espacios de exposición interactiva. Un edificio independiente situado a la entrada del complejo acoge un Centro de Visitantes con instalaciones educativas. Esta estructura de dos plantas también está soterrada y contiene un espacio expositivo y una sala de conferencias. Aloja un espacio de exposiciones y el acceso se efectúa a través de un nexo subterráneo que incluye una muestra permanente de los coches históricos de carreras y de carretera de McLaren.

McLaren Technology Centre

Woking Reino Unido

Ver el mapa
  • Site + Climate To minimise the visual impact of the project, the building height was limited, so that it did not exceed the height of the surrounding trees.
  • Form + Massing The building was dug into the earth on the North, South and East elevations, which helps to provide a thermal buffer to the building.
  • Passive Design The building sought to maximise daylight penetration through a continuous curved glazed façade to the west that overlooks a lake, while a 7m cantilevered overhang helps to reduce solar gain. Sky lights in the offices help to provide diffuse daylight.
  • Environmental Systems Throughout the office space chilled beams are integrated within the diffuse daylight catchers. The 30,000m3 lake forms part of the cooling infrastructure, absorbing the waste energy generated by the building and its specialist systems.
  • Renewable Energy Two gas powered trigeneration units provide heat, cooling and electricity for the building.
  • Energy Infrastructure A subsequent development has seen the construction of a production facility next door to the technology centre. An infrastructure link between the two buildings helps to share the load, and extra capacity between both buildings.
  • Mobility + Connectivity A green travel plan was developed to reduce automobile dependence, with the building connected to a cycle network and a bus stop. To enhance pedestrian access within the building, it is subdivided into individual fingers, each with its own specific functions. These are then connected by a large double height gallery space that is used for wayfinding. With the expansion of the site, a tunnel connects the production facility.
  • Materials + Waste Recycled tyres are used for the rubber roof. High levels of repetition in design led to a decrease in the amount of materials used and construction waste generated. While the 450,000m3 of excavate created was redistributed onsite.
  • Water Rainwater is captured onsite and fed into the lake, the lake is carefully managed to allow for it to be used to help cool the building, whilst still providing an ecosystem for aquatic species. Greywater generated in the building is treated through a reedbed system before entering the nearby river.
  • Land + Ecology The 50Ha site was previously developed with some contamination, which was remediated before100,000 trees and shrubs were planted to help improve biodiversity. In addition the lake and reedbeds have created new habitats within the site. The height of buildings is limited by the tree line, so they are not visually obtrusive.
  • Culture + Heritage The design of the building reflects the ethos of McLaren, by creating a clean, healthy, and well controlled environment for its employees.
  • Wellbeing The use of natural daylight in the office areas and chilled beams have provided a natural, comfortable working environment in the heart of the building. Access to the surrounding areas further enhances employee wellbeing.
  • Prosperity McLaren is the largest employer in Woking, providing over 1,000 jobs to the area. Further expansion of the site will see this figure grow.
  • Planning for Change Due to the success of McLaren, the site has seen the expansion of facilities to include a production centre for their cars. In connecting these two building through an infrastructure link, each building is inherently more flexible for a change in use.
  • Performance in Use Detailed BMS and sub-metering within the building have allowed McLaren to carefully monitor and control every aspect of the building to ensure that it performs as required.
  • Adjudicación 1998
  • Finalización 2004
  • Superficie 63,000m²
  • Capacidad 1,000
  • Cliente McLaren Group
  • Ingeniero estructural Arup
  • Supervisor de cantidades Davis Langdon
  • Ingeniero de M+E Schmidt Reuter Partner
  • Arquitecto Paisajista Terence O'Rourke
  • Ingeniero de iluminación Claude Engle
  • Página web http://mclaren.com/technologygroup
  • Structural Steel Design Award
  • British Association of Landscape Industries (BALI) National Landscape Grand Award
  • BALI National Landscape Soft Landscaping over 1 Hectare Award and Grand Award
  • RIBA Stirling Prize Channel 4 Peoples Choice Award
  • RIBA Award
  • The Royal Fine Art Commission Trust/BSkyB Building of the Year Award – Winner,
  • RTPI Planning Awards – Award for Planning for Business,
  • Festival Automobile International – Architecture Prize,