The Thames Hub vision is a bold new approach to future infrastructure development in Britain. It brings together rail, freight logistics, aviation, energy and its transmission, flood protection and regional development. It is unique for its scale and strategic cross-sector thinking. Recognising the synergies between these different strands, it reaps the benefits of their integration. It is an opportunity to reassert Britain’s role as an international gateway for people, freight and communications.
The vision includes a new orbital rail link around London, which would connect with a future high-speed rail line from London to the cities of the Midlands and the North, opening up a direct connection to continental Europe. This would create an unrivalled freight distribution network and put Britain at the centre of manufacturing distribution, as well as releasing pressure from roads and commuter services.
A new international airport located in the Thames Estuary on the Isle of Grain would benefit from these new linkages. Establishing the proposed aviation hub in the South East would satisfy the capacity needed today and allow for future expansion, while reducing the environmental and security problems of aircraft over-flying London.
Major new distribution networks for power, utilities and data are needed across the UK, without adding visual clutter to the rural landscape. This is where integration delivers environmental as well as economic benefits. The Spine offers a pioneering new solution, drawing on landscape traditions. It will incorporate data cabling, water and energy distribution routes, integrated with the rail and road network in conduits in the ground, invisible in the landscape, simple to maintain and easy to secure.
A new flood barrier in the Thames Estuary is also a necessity, but has the potential to deliver other comprehensive improvements, while securing London’s future flood protection: it can alleviate housing shortages by creating new flood protected land for residential development; it can provide a platform for an integrated rail and road crossing to open up new trade routes between the UK and Europe; it can generate renewable energy from tidal flows; and it can bridge the Estuary to create a vital new corridor for utilities, communications and data.
London has the highest levels of aircraft based noise pollution in Europe due to a flight pass over the city, to Heathrow airport. The proposed Thames Hub site, in the East of London, would have no flights pass over central London.
Tidal energy from flood barrier will create up to 525 GWh/yr which is sufficient to power 250,000 homes or all the power requirements of the airport. The infrastructure spine will also provide connections for the London Wind Array.
The Thames Hub project would help create an energy and information spine for the UK, with the relevant infrastructure embedded within the high speed rail link connecting the airport to the rest of the country.
A new inter-model facility that integrates air, high-speed rail, rail freight and shipping networks. This will improve and streamline, transport both nationally and internationally, and reduce road based freight, with 4,000 fewer lorries per day on the M25.
In combining a number of services within the same framework, the total amount of material can be significantly reduced. The creation of a tidal barrier, that also harnesses tidal energy, and a collection of infrastructure tunnels will use significantly less materials and generate less waste than 3 individual parts.
The flood barrier will provide new flood protection for London, protecting 150% more land than the existing defences, and will also utilise the large and predictable tidal range of the Thames to generate sustainable energy.
The development of a high speed rail network will seek to minimise the impact to the British countryside. 60% of the orbital link around London will be landscaped making it invisible from a distance, and 30% will tunnel under ground. The flood barrier will help to make land prone to flooding available for development to meet the chronic housing shortage in London.
There are a number of listed buildings within the development footprint. Where possible these will be preserved.
In moving flights from Heathrow, the Thames Hub will lead to a 95% reduction in people suffering 57dB or more from aircraft based noise pollution. With a rise in high speed rail and reduction in personal automobile, and road based freight, air quality in and around London will be improved.
The project will help to create tens of thousands of jobs in the East of London. It will also help to protect and enhance the UK's role as a major international transport hub.
The design was born out of the need to accommodate a growing demand for additional transport services, both nationally and internationally. The tidal barrier helps to mitigate the increased risk of flooding from climate change impacts.
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