Cambridge University has the largest law school in Britain, with 800 undergraduates and 200 postgraduate students. Combining its own sense of tradition with a forward-looking commitment to change, the Faculty of Law required a new building that would provide state-of-the-art facilities for teaching and research, comprising the Squire Law Library, five auditoria, seminar rooms, common rooms and administrative offices.
Located at the heart of the University’s Sidgwick site, the focus of humanities education at Cambridge, the building is surrounded by lawns and mature trees. This low density, green garden context is the essence of Cambridge. The challenge was to preserve this natural setting and to minimise the building’s apparent size.
The response was to create a rectangular plan cut on the diagonal to follow the geometry of the neighbouring History Faculty and pedestrian routes across the site. The building has a relatively small footprint, yet provides 8,500 square metres of accommodation without exceeding four storeys. This was achieved by digging the auditoria below ground, while the curving glass of the north facade helps the building to recede visually.
The Faculty of Law building has also set new standards for energy efficiency on the Cambridge campus, deploying a number of passive and active strategies. Natural lighting is used to dramatic effect, especially in the library, which occupies the upper three terraced floors and enjoys uninterrupted views of the gardens, while the full-height atrium that forms the focus of the building draws daylight into the lower levels.
The building’s partially buried structure and exposed concrete frame combine to give it high thermal mass, making it slow to respond to outside temperature changes. Together with high insulation values, this allows the use of mechanically assisted natural ventilation throughout − only the lecture theatres require seasonal cooling. A lighting management system reduces energy consumption, while heat recovery coils, linked to the air extract, reclaim waste heat. Interestingly, the building’s environmental performance was put to the test during its first summer, one of the hottest on record. Happily, it performed very well.
“I remember that there was a huge sense of nostalgia for the building we were leaving, but the spaces inside were so cluttered as to almost be unusable. But looking back, I doubt whether there would be anyone who would go back now.”Professor Len Sealy, J Berwin, Professor of Law, University of Cambridge
“The building is surrounded by lush lawns and mature trees, this low, green context is the essence of Cambridge. An important consideration for us, therefore, was to minimise the apparent size of the building in its site, and preserve its natural setting as far as possible.”Norman Foster
“I have noticed the impact of [the law library] façade recently while leading distinguished visitors around Cambridge. Without exception there are two vistas which stop them in their tracks; one, unsurprisingly, is the famous view of King’s chapel across the river; the other is that of Foster’s glazed wall of the Law building rising out o the grass.” Dr G Meeks, transcript of a discussion on the ‘report of the council’ into the development of the Sidgwick Avenue site, Cambridge University Reporter, 24 January 2001
Construction start: 1993
Area: 9 000 m²
Height: 19 m
Client: University of Cambridge
Structural Engineer: Anthony Hunt Associates
Quantity Surveyor: Davis Langdon and Everest
M+E Engineer: YRM Engineers
Landscape Architect: Cambridge Landscape Architects
Additional Consultants: Sandy Brown Associates, Emmer Pfenniger Partner AG, University of Cambridge Estates Mangement and Building Services, Arup, Halcrow Fox