Site + Climate

London has the highest levels of aircraft based noise pollution in Europe due to a flight pass over the city, to Heathrow airport. The proposed Thames Hub site, in the East of London, would have no flights pass over central London.

Renewable Energy

Tidal energy from flood barrier will create up to 525 GWh/yr which is sufficient to power 250,000 homes or all the power requirements of the airport. The infrastructure spine will also provide connections for the London Wind Array.

Energy Infrastructure

The Thames Hub project would help create an energy and information spine for the UK, with the relevant infrastructure embedded within the high speed rail link connecting the airport to the rest of the country.

Mobility + Connectivity

A new inter-model facility that integrates air, high-speed rail, rail freight and shipping networks. This will improve and streamline, transport both nationally and internationally, and reduce road based freight, with 4,000 fewer lorries per day on the M25.

Materials + Waste

In combining a number of services within the same framework, the total amount of material can be significantly reduced. The creation of a tidal barrier, that also harnesses tidal energy, and a collection of infrastructure tunnels will use significantly less materials and generate less waste than 3 individual parts.


The flood barrier will provide new flood protection for London, protecting 150% more land than the existing defences, and will also utilise the large and predictable tidal range of the Thames to generate sustainable energy.

Land + Ecology

The development of a high speed rail network will seek to minimise the impact to the British countryside. 60% of the orbital link around London will be landscaped making it invisible from a distance, and 30% will tunnel under ground. The flood barrier will help to make land prone to flooding available for development to meet the chronic housing shortage in London.

Culture + Heritage

There are a number of listed buildings within the development footprint. Where possible these will be preserved.


In moving flights from Heathrow, the Thames Hub will lead to a 95% reduction in people suffering 57dB or more from aircraft based noise pollution. With a rise in high speed rail and reduction in personal automobile, and road based freight, air quality in and around London will be improved.


The project will help to create tens of thousands of jobs in the East of London. It will also help to protect and enhance the UK's role as a major international transport hub.

Planning for Change

The design was born out of the need to accommodate a growing demand for additional transport services, both nationally and internationally. The tidal barrier helps to mitigate the increased risk of flooding from climate change impacts.