泰晤士中心 (Thames Hub) 是英国未来基础设施开发的一个大胆的全新方案。 该项目涉及铁路、货运物流、航空、能源及其传输、防洪和地区开发, 因其宏达的规模和战略性的跨部门思维而具有唯一性。 该项目认识到了不同部门的协同效应,通过整合从中获益。 这是一个将英国重塑为人流、货运和通讯方面的国际门户的良好机会。 该愿景的其中一项是在伦敦周边铺设新的列车轨道,与未来的一条高速轨道线（从伦敦到英格兰中部和北部的城市）连通,让该地区与欧洲大陆形成直接连接。 这将创造出一个无与伦比的货物运输网络,让英国成为制造品运输的中心,同时减轻道路和通勤服务的压力。 位于谷岛 (Isle of Grain) 泰晤士河口 (Thames Estuary) 的新国际机场将从这些新的运输网络中获益良多。 在东南部建成提案中的航空枢纽,不仅可满足当今所需的运载容量,支持在未来进行扩建,同时还可减少在伦敦上空飞行的飞机所造成的环境问题和安全问题。 目前,英国需要在不对乡村景色造成破坏的前提下,建成贯穿全国的全新大型电力、公用事业和数据传输网络。 而综合项目恰恰能提供所需的环境效益和经济效益。 这条借鉴景观传统设计的"脊梁"将成为极具开创性的全新解决方案。 它将数据电缆、水与能源配送路线埋入地下管道内,与铁路和公路网络形成一体,虽然在地面上看不到,但却易于维护和保护。 泰晤士河口的新拦洪坝也不可或缺,但有可能在确保不影响伦敦未来防洪的情况下进行其他全面的改进： 可形成新的防洪保护区域,用于开发住宅楼,缓解住房短缺问题；可提供一个集铁路和公路为一体的交叉平台,在英国和欧洲之间建立全新贸易路线；可从潮汐流中生成可再生能源；可在泰晤士河口架设一条桥梁,打造一条用于公用事业、通讯和数据的重要全新通道。
Site + Climate
London has the highest levels of aircraft based noise pollution in Europe due to a flight pass over the city, to Heathrow airport. The proposed Thames Hub site, in the East of London, would have no flights pass over central London.
Tidal energy from flood barrier will create up to 525 GWh/yr which is sufficient to power 250,000 homes or all the power requirements of the airport. The infrastructure spine will also provide connections for the London Wind Array.
The Thames Hub project would help create an energy and information spine for the UK, with the relevant infrastructure embedded within the high speed rail link connecting the airport to the rest of the country.
Mobility + Connectivity
A new inter-model facility that integrates air, high-speed rail, rail freight and shipping networks. This will improve and streamline, transport both nationally and internationally, and reduce road based freight, with 4,000 fewer lorries per day on the M25.
Materials + Waste
In combining a number of services within the same framework, the total amount of material can be significantly reduced. The creation of a tidal barrier, that also harnesses tidal energy, and a collection of infrastructure tunnels will use significantly less materials and generate less waste than 3 individual parts.
The flood barrier will provide new flood protection for London, protecting 150% more land than the existing defences, and will also utilise the large and predictable tidal range of the Thames to generate sustainable energy.
Land + Ecology
The development of a high speed rail network will seek to minimise the impact to the British countryside. 60% of the orbital link around London will be landscaped making it invisible from a distance, and 30% will tunnel under ground. The flood barrier will help to make land prone to flooding available for development to meet the chronic housing shortage in London.
Culture + Heritage
There are a number of listed buildings within the development footprint. Where possible these will be preserved.
In moving flights from Heathrow, the Thames Hub will lead to a 95% reduction in people suffering 57dB or more from aircraft based noise pollution. With a rise in high speed rail and reduction in personal automobile, and road based freight, air quality in and around London will be improved.
The project will help to create tens of thousands of jobs in the East of London. It will also help to protect and enhance the UK's role as a major international transport hub.
Planning for Change
The design was born out of the need to accommodate a growing demand for additional transport services, both nationally and internationally. The tidal barrier helps to mitigate the increased risk of flooding from climate change impacts.
- 预约: 2010
- Global AirRail Awards, ‘Project of the Year’