桥梁通常被认为属于工程领域而非建筑领域,但基础设施建筑对环境具有巨大的影响。米约高架桥(Millau Viaduct)——由建筑师与结构工程师密切合作而成的项目——表明了建筑师在桥梁设计中所扮演的至关重要的角色。它仿照泰晤士河上的千禧桥的设计,用优美的结构形式完美地表达了功能、科技和美观之间的关系。

该桥坐落于法国南部,它弥补了 跨越整个中央高原的A75公路缺失的路段。由于米约高架桥的建造,A75公路成为了巴黎、地中海沿岸以及巴塞罗那之间的直接高速公路。米约高架桥跨越的塔恩河,经过两大高原中间的壮观峡谷流淌。有趣的是,根据多项其他地形调查,得出两种不同可能的结构方案:或跨河而建;或以最经济和最优雅的方式将此跨度2.46公里的在高原两侧的桥连接起来。历史上成为了景观之创造者的塔恩河在米约变得非常狭窄,所以还是第二项地形调查提出了最合适的结构解决方案。

米约高架桥是一座精致,透明的桅式斜拉桥结构,柱和柱之间的跨度为最佳长度。该建筑的建设打破了多项纪录:其采用了世界上最高的桥塔;系欧洲最高的公路桥面;也取代了艾菲尔铁塔成为法国第一高建筑物。桥的每一段长度为342米,而桥墩从75米到245米不等,桅杆在桥面以上进一步升高87米。为了应对混凝土桥面的胀缩现象,每根柱子道路下的部分分裂成两个更细更灵活的小柱子,这些柱子则形成桥面板以上的A形架。锥形柱既降低了结构载荷,又最大限度地减小了立面轮廓。这不仅使桥梁的剪影引入注目,也令其对景观的影响达到最小。高架桥七根桥塔中最高一根。

草稿和图纸

施工项目

报价

If new bridges have landmark roles (and the astonishing Millau Viaduct in France has become a 'vaut le voyage' in its own right) then it is also becoming better understood what social benefìts arise from bridge-building

an act whose metaphorical weight proves the psychological significance of these structures.”Stephen Bayley, The Observer 24.08.08

This perfect convergence of architecture and engineering symbolises the renewal of an entente cordiale between two countries

France and Great Britain, which since the end of the eighteenth century have led the way in large-scale engineering projects.”Fulvio Irace, Abitare, February 2005

We wanted the piers to look as if they had barely alighted on the landscape

light and delicate - like butterflies' legs.”Norman Foster, 2011

With a 2.5km span

the Millau bridge is far from the longest in the world, yet it is surely one of the most beautiful. In terms of artistry, it challenges the Garabit viaduct, which Gustave Eiffel built across the River Truyère in 1884.”Jonathan Glancey, The Guardian, 16 November 2004

To watch Foster's bridge emerge from the mist is one of the most thrilling architectural experiences you can have. The strength of the project is that it does not try to pretend it is part of this natural landscape. Nor does it attempt to be sculpture. It is a magnificent piece of infrastructure.”Kieran Long

Icon, March 2005

People go to Pisa to see the leaning tower and Paris to see the Eiffel Tower. We hope they will now come to Millau to see the viaduct.”Jacques Godfrain

Mayor of Millau, quoted in The Independent, 25 October 2004

Delicate butterfly of concrete and steel

the Viaduct of Millau soars across the sky as if eager to proclaim that no bridge on earth is taller. Yet its arrogant daring can surely be forgiven. It took a feat of engineering and a leap of the imagination to span the rough, rugged Tarn Valley in the Midi-Pyrénées region of southern France. The result is breathtaking.”Elaine Sciolino, International Herald Tribune, 15 July 2005

Millau is in the tradition of the great European viaducts by Robert Maillart and Christian Menn

but on an even larger scale. It is a triumph of modern technology and construction and an example of the best collaboration between engineering and architecture.”Tony Hunt, The Architectural Review, June 2005

The Millau Viaduct is a magnificent example

in the long and great French tradition, of audacious works of art, a tradition begun at the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries by the great Gustave Eiffel.”President of France, Jacques Chirac, speaking at a reception to celebrate the viaduct's opening, 15 December, 2004

事实和数据

  • 预约: 1993
  • 结束日期: 2004
  • 高度: 270m
  • 客户: French Ministry of Equipment, Transport, Housing, Tourism and Sea
  • 合作建筑师: Chapelet-Defol-Mousseigne
  • 结构工程师: EEG (Europe Etudes Gecti), Sogelerg, SERF
  • 景观设计师: Agence TER

奖项s

  • Chicago Athenaeum International Architecture Award
  • Staalbouwwedstrijd / Concours Construction Acier – Winner International category,
  • IABSE (International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering) Outstanding Structure Award
  • The Building Exchange (BEX) Award – Best Use of Architectural or Structural Design in a Regeneration Scheme, 2nd Place,
  • Balthasar Neumann Prize – Commendation,
  • Wallpaper Design Awards – Best New Public Building,
  • ECCS European Award for Steel Structures
  • RIBA Award
  • D&AD Gold Award – Millau Viaduct
  • Travel + Leisure Design Award for Best Infrastructure
  • Singapore Construction Excellence Award - Civil Category,

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