哈萨克斯坦首都阿斯塔纳地势很低,一年四季温差极大,冬季气温可低至零下35摄氏度,夏季气温则可高达35摄氏度。大汗帐篷娱乐中心(Khan Shatyr Entertainment Centre)的设计旨在将人们的生活、文化和社会活动等一系列设施集合到“同一屋檐下”,为市民创造一片不受气候影响的舒适天地,无论外面寒冷或炎热,里面四季如春。因为帐篷是游牧民族的传统建筑形式,“Khan Shatyr”即意为“大汗帐篷”,其帐篷结构激起人们对哈萨克族历史的强烈共鸣。

大汗帐篷娱乐中心(Khan Shatyr Entertainment Centre)位于阿斯塔纳中轴线的最北端,其桅杆式结构高150米,耸立于200 x 195米的椭圆形地基上,是阿斯塔纳最高的建筑之一。这座建筑占地面积超过100,000平方米,内设犹如城市缩影的大型公园,以及各种商店和休闲设施,包括餐厅、电影院和可供开展各类活动及展览的娱乐场所。起伏的花园露台随建筑的升高盘旋而上、错落有致,其水上乐园还设有造浪池和滑梯,它们蜿蜒浮现在周围的景观中。

钢管制成的三脚架结构支撑着所悬挂的沿径向和周向分布的钢索网。大篷外部又包覆着三层聚氟乙烯(ETFE),它形成3.5 x 30米的垫层,其材料质量轻、经济实惠并且抗热效能极佳。这种透明材料既能确保建筑内部获得自然光照,又能帮助抵挡恶劣气候的侵扰。帐篷内的特定封闭区域设有空调,然而,开放式流通区域的气温非常宜人,冬季温度在14摄氏度,而夏季温度则为29摄氏度。低空急流将冷空气传至建筑内部,而位于顶端的通风口则借助“烟囱效应”实现自然通风。冬季需要解决的一个难题是防止覆盖层的内部出现结冰现象。通过控制温度并将暖气流向上引至内层构造的表面,问题最终迎刃而解,同时这种方法还避免了倒灌风现象。

草稿和图纸

开发项目

施工项目

事实和数据

  • 预约: 2006
  • 结束日期: 2010
  • 地区: 100 000m²
  • 高度: 267.5m
  • 客户: Sembol Construction
  • 合作建筑师: Linea Tusavul Architecture, Gultekin Architecture
  • 结构工程师: Buro Happold
  • 机电工程师: Buro Happold
  • 其他顾问: Charles Funke Associates , Claude Engle, OZUN PROJE Ltd + Arce, Mechanical -Vemeks Engineering Ltd, Electrical - HB Teknik, ALKAS Consulting, Istanbul Technical University, SAMKO Engineering Contracting Co. Inc., Montage Services, Vector-Foiltec , Linea & Gultekin

奖项

  • Institution of Structural Engineers Structural Awards, Best Commercial or Retail Structure

面貌:

60m Tripod leg weighs 351 tonnes.
Each 70m Tripod leg weighs 211.5 tonnes.
The ETFE and cable roof is very lightweight and thus efficient- the large spans would make for a very heavy structure if it was steel and glass- and by hanging the roof from the tripod all the cables are simply in tension, which is a very efficient system for steel.
Because of the cable net's nature as a tension structure the entire roof is designed to move as wind and snow loads are imposed - the whole structure will thus move - but in fairly small amounts.
12,300 driven piles and 94 bored piles under the foundation.
Total Weight (Tripod + Hub + Struts + Top Ring + Basket + Top Mast) + (Cables + Cable Supports & Anchorages) (1.600 tons ) + (404 tons 392 tons) = (1.600 tons) + (796 tons) = 2.396 tons
Reinforced + Lean/Screed Concrete=174.000 m³ ~ 431.800 tons.

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