位于连接亚洲和大洋洲的全球性地区的枢纽位置,赤腊角是世界上最大和最先进的机场之一。1998年完工时赤腊角机场仅为香港唯一的航站楼,而预计到2040年,其每年乘客吞吐量预计可达八百万人次——相当于伦敦希思罗机场和纽约肯尼迪机场的总和。作为近代最具气势的建设项目之一,赤腊角机场所处的位置曾经是一个多山的岛屿,在一次主要的填海计划中,其海拔从100米下降至7米,且面积也扩大至原有面积的四倍多,相当于九龙半岛那么大。

该航站楼延续了在斯坦斯特德机场开创的设计概念,斯坦斯特德机场自建设起便被机场规划者在全世界范围内运用。它的特点包括其轻质的屋顶,且屋顶得以从繁杂笨重的机械装置中解放出来;它利用自然采光,并将所有的行李处理设备、环境服务和传运设施安排在乘客大厅下方的地下层。其高耸的大楼沐浴在日光下,使之成为一个壮观的城市门户。无论是到达或出发,路线始终清晰,方向亦容易辨认:乘客能觉察到陆地与海水各在一侧,也可以看到飞机。同样,当乘客走向飞机或从飞机走回航站楼,穹顶能为他们提供了固定参考位置。离港旅客将经过世界上最大的机场零售空间——东大厅;如果如此规模的机场被看作是一个城市的缩影,那么东大厅就是它的市场广场。

旅客从香港可经公路或铁路交通到达机场,选择铁路交通则需跨越两个专用的吊桥和一个连接大屿山南部的堤道。选乘火车的乘客在机场的地面运输中心下车,而地面运输中心完全整合成为航站楼东端的一部分。令人称奇的是,从香港市区到机场乘坐火车仅需20分钟。

草稿和图纸

开发项目

施工项目

报价

Passengers enter and leave [the terminal] through the vast atrium

with departing passengers passing on glass bridges over the heads of those arriving. There can be few more exhilarating points of entry to any country.”Kenneth Powell, City Transformed: Urban architecture at the Beginning of the Twenty-first Century, 2000

Whether arriving or departing

passengers enjoy a carefully controlled sequence of varied and often breathtaking spaces.”Chris Abel

Foster has been able to combine his essentially humanistic visions with workable solutions to both the expansion of air traffic and the ever growing demands of commerce.”Chris Abel

事实和数据

  • 预约: 1992
  • 结束日期: 1998
  • 地区: 516 000m²
  • 高度: 34m
  • 容量: 35000000
  • 客户: Hong Kong Airport Authority
  • 合作建筑师: Anthony Ng Architects Ltd. (Ground Transportation Centre only)
  • 结构工程师: Ove Arup and Partners/Mott Connell
  • 工料测量师: WT Partnership
  • 景观设计师: Urbis Travers Morgan Ltd.
  • 照明工程师: Fisher Marantz Renfro Stone
  • 其他顾问: Urbis Travers Morgan Ltd., Fisher Marantz Renfro Stone, O'Brien-Kreizberg and Associates Ltd, Wilbur Smith Associates, BAA, Mott Connell Ltd

奖项s

  • Skytrax World Airport Awards, Best Airport
  • Skytrax Airport of the Year – Gold Award,
  • Skytrax Airport of the Year – Silver Award,
  • Skytrax Airport of the Year – Gold Award,
  • AETRA Customer Satisfaction Survey - Best Airport Worldwide – Special Recognition Award,
  • Skytrax Airport of the Year – Gold Award,
  • Skytrax Airport of the Year – Gold Award,
  • Skytrax Airport of the Year – Gold Award,
  • ARCASIA Award for Architecture 2001-02 – Gold Medal in category B-4
  • Skytrax Airport of the Year – Gold Award,
  • Architectural Ironmongery Specification Awards – Winner of the Overseas Public Buildings Category
  • Structural Steel Design Award
  • International Lighting Design Award of Excellence
  • Design Council Millennium Product Award
  • International Project of the Year - Construction Quality Awards
  • Institute of Structural Engineers Structural Award - Commendation
  • HKIA Silver Medal
  • British Construction Industry International Award

面貌:

The man-made island of Chek Lap Kok is 6 km (3.5 miles) long and 3.5 km (2 miles) wide and is visible from space.
The new airport island covers an area of 1,248 hectares or 3,085 acres made from:
25% existing island
75% reclaimed from sea
197 million cubic metres of reclaimed materials were used to build the island.
Ten tonnes of material were moved every second during the land reclamation.

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