坐落于剑桥郡的达克斯福德飞机场,是第二次世界大战期间不列颠战役的战斗机场。后来,作为美国在不列颠的一百处空军基地之一,它成为了第78战斗机中队的总部,现由帝国战争博物馆维护,拥有美国境外最精良的美国军用飞机系列。机场的38架飞机中有19架仍然适航。每年,机场著名的夏季飞行演示吸引着超过35万人前来观赏,在一系列战机中,重头展品B-52轰炸机同时也是有史以来最大的一种飞机。

美国航空博物馆的主要任务,是为B-52轰炸机和另外20架飞机(其历史可追溯至第一次世界大战和海湾战争时期)提供一处永久停放基地,肯定美国空军在第二次世界大战中的重要作用,并纪念在战争中牺牲的无数空军战士。博物馆还有一个愿望,就是突出展现飞行演示期间无数飞机起飞和降落时的壮观场面,并建造一扇通往跑道的窗户。

B-52轰炸机的尺寸(翼展61米宽,尾翼16米高)决定了建筑的内部高度和宽度,而飞机本身的方向又决定了进入博物馆的主轴线。该建筑的不可思议之处在于其强有力的弧形屋顶(设计目的是用于支撑各种悬挂的飞机),以及俯瞰跑道的大幅面玻璃墙。围绕穹顶基部绵延的条状玻璃窗让阳光洒入室内,营造出明亮、高耸而开放的空间,尽管建筑结构本身有一部分处于地下也丝毫不受影响,而这个可以媲美空军“气泡飞机库”的正规设备经过特别设计,从空中观察可以形成隐形效果。1998年,航空博物馆赢得了英国皇家建筑师学会斯特林年度建筑奖(Stirling Prize RIBA Building of the Year Award)。评委们写道:“这个项目的成功之处在于,优雅的建筑造型与充满科技感的飞机形状之间产生了共鸣。建筑本身将这两种魅力融为了一体。”

草稿和图纸

开发项目

施工项目

报价

Foster’s genius has been shaping a building that connects the static aircraft gathered in the new building with their flying cousins outside it. More than this

he has designed one of the grandest, yet most modest, of museums.”Jonathan Glancey, The Guardian, 28 June 1997

Unlike so many others

the American Air Museum at Duxford exudes a spirit of youth and vitality, telling its story of epic and necessary courage, technical ingenuity and sheer high spirits. Foster’s architecture strikes exactly this note.”Neil Parkyn, RSA Journal, November/December 1997

Duxford is not a static museum but a living institution. Many of the planes there are still airworthy and the building is designed to allow the exhibits to come and go.”Norman Foster

Duxford brings together two disciplines that for me are most exhilarating – architecture and flight. To create a new home for those fabulous old planes was a great privilege.”Norman Foster

事实和数据

  • 预约: 1987
  • 结束日期: 1997
  • 地区: 7 400m²
  • 容量: It attracts some 400,000 visitors per year, 30,000 of which are school children and students
  • 客户: Imperial War Museum at Duxford, American Air Museum in Britain
  • 结构工程师: Ove Arup & Partners
  • 工料测量师: Davis Langdon and Everest
  • 机电工程师: Roger Preston & Partners
  • 其他顾问: Rutherford Consultants, Aerospace Structural and Mechanical Engineering Engineer, Hannah Reed and Associates

奖项s

  • Celebrating Construction Achievement Award
  • Concrete Society Award - Winner
  • Design Council Millennium Product Award
  • Civic Trust Award
  • Stirling Prize RIBA Building of the Year Award
  • RIBA Architecture Award
  • Royal Fine Art Commission BSkyB Building of the Year Award,
  • AIA London/UK Chapter Excellence in Design Commendation,
  • British Guild of Travel Writers Silver Unicorn Award
  • British Construction Industry Awards, High Commendation,

面貌:

6,400 m2 of exhibition and ancillary space
General dimensions 90 x 65 metres.
90m wide front glass.

获得指引

办公时间:

Open daily except 24, 25 and 26 December.
Winter 2011/2012 (30 October 2011 to mid March 2012)
10.00am - 4.00pm (Last admission 3.00pm)
Please note that opening hours to get onboard Concorde differ from the Museum opening hours.
It is recommended that visitors enter the Museum by 3.00pm (in Winter) and by 5.00pm (in Summer). There will be no free admission after this time.